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James Scott And The Hudson Highland Art Association





While going through all the diversified sales during Antiques Week in New York City in January, I was attracted to a 1920s-style painting of “Ice Floats on the Hudson.” The

dealer was able to give me a short provenance of the picture ,but had not been able to find out much information about the artist, James Scott. Trusting my judgment, and hoping that “Ice Floats” would bring an end to the deep freeze of January 2010, I bought the picture. Living in New Paltz, and involved with both the Huguenot Historical Society and the Dorsky Museum of Art at SUNY New Paltz, I utilized both

institutions to continue my research.

In a conversation with Dr William Rhoads, professor emeritus at SUNY New Paltz, I learned that there were four paintings by Scott in the permanent collection at the Dorsky Museum. Sara Pasti, director of the Dorsky, and Wayne Lempka, the museum’s art collection manager, arranged for me to examine them. The collection consists of a watercolor titled “Willows in the Spring” (another view across the Hudson), and two oils on board, “Boat Races” and “Blue Hills.”The fourth painting  of the group is an oil on canvas of the“Hasbrouck House,” one the Eighteenth Century houses now belonging to the Huguenot Historical Society, which further connects Scott to the area.

From other material Dr Rhoads had gathered, I learned that Scott came to Milton in 1913 after studying at the Art Institute of Chicago, and soon became involved in an art

colony there founded by a Danish artist from Racine, Wis., named Anders Anderson. Anderson named the colony Elverhoj, Danish for “hill of the elves.” Other members of

the group included Ralph Pierson (etcher) and Joe Popelka (silversmith). Two other artists, Otto Devereux Bacher (potter) and Will Low Bacher (etcher, designer and  painter), both associated with the crafts guild known as White Cloud Farms in Orange County, were also charter members. All these artists lived at the colony in Milton, and their works were exhibited in a gallery that Anderson operated in Poughkeepsie.

As Elverhoj became more established, its name was changed to the Hudson Highland Art Association. Along with his work at the colony, Scott also studied art with John

F. Carlson in Woodstock and at the Art Students League in New York City.

In 1918, Scott was called into military service, and remained in France after the war. He became as instructor at the College of Applied and Fine Arts at the University of

Beaune, France, and studied art at the Julian Academy, the Académie Colarossi and the  Grand Chaumré. Upon returning to the States, Scott resumed work at his studio in Milton. He became a member of the Salmagundi Club, exhibited at local galleries and the Babcock Gallery in New York and had several paintings accepted at the National Academy. In 1925, well-known New York art critic Catherine Beach Ely published a book titled The Modern Tendency in American Painting, Frederic Fairchild Sherman publishers, in which she devoted an entire chapter to the work of James Scott. She  writes of the artist, “It is refreshing to turn aside from the garish highways of aggressive modernism…to the quiet grove of James Scott’s productions. His work is the record of introspective attitude which reveres nature instead of exploiting her… His originality is of the unobtrusive sort which finds nourishment in quiet scenes of haunting beauty.”

During World War II, Scott continued painting and teaching at his studio in Milton. Among the many works he produced during this time was a group of 12 watercolors that he did from sketches he had made during the war. These watercolors were bought by the Federal Government and exhibited at the West Point Gallery. Scott also completed a triptych of the battleship New Jersey. He exhibited at the Albany Institute

of History and Art and the Charles A. Wustum Museum of Fine Arts in Racine. His paintings are in the permanent collections of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential

Library and Museum in Hyde Park, Syracuse University Art Galleries, Vassar College and Doane College. Along with his paintings, Scott was also known for his gifted design, metal, and jewelry work. In 1966, Scott and his wife moved to Denver, Colo., where he died in March, 1967.

We are interested in acquiring works by James Scott, and discovering where more of his works may be located.


This essay originally appeared in the Spring 2011 edition of The Gallery  section of

Antiques and the Arts Weekly.

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